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Morrill, Justin

Page history last edited by PBworks 16 years, 2 months ago

Justin Smith Morrill: Education for the Future





Table of Contents


Personal Life


Political History


Lasting Impact


Sources and Worksheet


Link to Home Page


Personal Life:


     Born on April 14, 1810 as the son of a blacksmith, Justin Smith Morrill was destined to make life better for other underprivilaged young adults.  Morrill had to leave school at the age of fifteen to become a merchant's clerk, but before dropping out to make a living, Morrill had gone to Thetford and Randolph Academies. During his short retirement, Morrill studied agriculture and horticulture, which came in handy when he designed the landscpae for his gothic-styled homestead. Then, Morrill went into politics, where he stayed until the day he died. He first served as a Vermont State Representative, when his party split, he became a Republican Representative. In 1867, Morrill became a Senator for Vermont, where he remained until his death on December 28, 1898.



Vermont State Capitol Building                        

Political History:                                                                     

     Justin Morrill helped to found the Republican Party after the Whigs split. This made it possible for people like Elihu Root to be republicans later. During his time as a Republican, Morrill made his most important contribution to the United States. The Morrill Act of 1862 established land grant colleges and universities, giving the average man a chance to better himself with education. This was vetoed first by President James Buchanan, but when President Abraham Lincoln became president, the act was passed. Later on, Morrill sponsered a general for Lincoln during the Civil War. He did this by writing a letter with an enclosed application Some other pieces of legislation passed with Morrill's help include:

  1. The building of the second Library of Congress after the first one ran out of shelf space. 

  2. Sponsoring the Morrill Tariff Act of 1861, with President Lincoln's help, in order to protect American Industry, this was unusual at the time because tariffs were originally used to raise revenue. This also outraged the South and possibly helped start the Civil War. 

  3. Opposing the use of paper money and opposing silver coinage, he was a real gold bug.



Lasting Impact:


     The Morrill Act established land-grant colleges such as Cornell and Washington State. In fact, Morrill Hall, at Cornell University is named so due to Justin Morrill. Because of Morrill's dedication to higher education, he is called the “Father of Agricultural Colleges.” Many colleges started by this legislation have blossomed into top universities. Justin Morrill's lasting impact remains in education.




Sources.docx       Justin Smith Morrill Worksheet.doc 

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Page created by:  Courtney V.W.

Avon High School, Avon, Indiana

Date created: 27 March 2008


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Comments (5)

Anonymous said

at 7:35 am on Apr 7, 2008

Very informative page, although you could have added a few more pictures or cartoons to make it a little more exciting! But other than that the page was very enlightening! (watch a few spelling errors)

Anonymous said

at 7:38 am on Apr 7, 2008

The intro about his personal life was a little confusing and left the information about Morrill a little jumbled. You did a good job of explaining Morrill's importance in the beginnings of public education.

Anonymous said

at 7:24 pm on Apr 7, 2008

The graphics on the page caught my attention immediately and made me want to read the page. I liked how all the information was to the point and didn't linger on unimportant details. The secondare page on the Morrill Act could have been a little more detailed, such as naming the impacts it had on society. Other than that, the page was very organized and easy to follow.

Anonymous said

at 6:58 pm on Apr 13, 2008

Your wiki had a lot of great information about Morrill, but the it was slightly confusing because of the organization. If the whole page was in chronological order, it would've been easier to follow. However, I really liked the background you added and the bright font really catches your attention.

Anonymous said

at 2:18 pm on Apr 14, 2008

The political history section was very good. It was concise and informative. Some parts of the wikki could have been organized a little better. The links had a lot of good information.

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