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Introduction of Non-Native Species

Page history last edited by ravenritzlowe@... 16 years ago

 

Introduction of Non-Native Species

 

Group Members

Raven, Joanna

 

Non-native species are species from one part of the world that are introduced (often by humans) to a new ecosystem. Some of these species will fail to survive, but many will thrive. When a non-native species sucessfully establishes itself within a foriegn ecosystem they are known as invasive species. The introduction of a species into an foriegn ecosystem can be a harmful occurance. These invasive species can cause extinction of some species natural to the invaded ecosystem.

 

Great Lakes

Map

 

Zebra mussels are a major non-native, invasive species found in the Great Lakes. Zebra mussels are originally native to the Black and Caspian Seas, but in 1988, these creatures were discovered in Lake St. Clair. They quickly spread throughout the Great Lakes and several other waterways in the US and Canada. Researchers believe that these species were accidentally transported to America by ships.

 

Zebra mussels are known to have such a high reproductive rate. A single female   mussel can produce anywhere from 30,000 to 40,000 eggs per year, so it is not oblivious that this creature happens to be invasive. Also, the zebra mussel does not have any known natural predators in its habitat. They are able to attach themselves to hard, underwater surfaces, and when that happens they can reproduce very efficiently. Zebra mussels have the potential to be very harmful to our ecosystem. They can severly impact electric power generation and water intake facilities. They can also disrupt food webs, underwater navagation, and recreational activities.

 

http://www.watershedcouncil.org/zebra%20mussel%20cluster%20-%20small.jpg

 

Hawaii

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The coqui tree frog is non-native species of Hawaii. They originate from the Caribbean and were accidentally brought over along with several plants. Coqui frogs are small in size and they are non poisonous. For the most part, these frogs seem pretty harmless to humans and the environment, but what really gets on the residents' and visitors' nerves is their annoying mating call. Although the coqui tree frog may be annoying to its residents, they aid in getting rid of pesky insects. Because of Hawaii's humid environment, it is infested with all kinds of harmful insects, but since the coqui frogs are around the insect population is declining. 

 

                        

 

The only concern the residents have is that there, someday,  may be an over-population of coqui frogs. An over-population may eventually lead to disease. Others believe that the frog population will stabilize itself. Coqui frogs may start to eat their own kind if hungry, and other predators will feed off of these frogs, thus leading to a balanced population.

 

                                                                                                     

                                                                                                             http://ltmtnele.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/.pond/coqui1.jpg.w560h364.jpg

 

Australia

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Cane toads were first introduced to Australia in 1935. These toads were brought over from Hawaii in hopes of decreasing the cane beetle population. Sadly, the cane toads could not jump high enough to catch the beetles. Instead of eating cane beetles, the cane toads ate frogs and pretty much anything that they could fit into their mouths.

 

The cane toad can grow up to 25 centimeters long and can weigh up to 4 kilos. The cane toad is also very poisonous, so there really are not any natural predators. They are simply able to kill any animal that tries to eat them, regardless of its size. Cane toads are responsible for the loss of several species native to Australia. A cane toad is also able to lay 33,000 to 60,000 eggs per year. Plus, they are immune to most toxins that come their way, so it is inevitable that they are such invasive species.  

 

Cane Toad Video: National Geographic

 

                                 

                              http://www.ypsidixit.com/blog/archives/toad2.jpg                                                                   http://www.abc.net.au/reslib/200703/r134140_450686.jpg

 

 

Galapagos

Map 

 

 

The ecosystem of the Galapagos is unique and colorful. This amazing display of biological diversity is being disrupted by  the introduction of a variety of non-native species. According to a recent study, 60% of the 1,880 local plants are being threatened by invasive species coming into the Galapagos. It also showed that there have been 53 new invertabrate species, and 490 insect species introduced into the ecosystem.

 

http://www.hear.org/galapagos/invasives/topics/management/vertebrates/projects/pi.htm

 

One of these invasive species is the Goat. These animals were left on the islands by Whaler Floats to ensure fresh meat was available. The Goats were later introduced as livestock by colonizers. The effects of these goats have been terible. They cause erotion, reduce vegitation, displace native animals, and destroy the biodiversity of the islands. There are however projects to help maintain the islands natural health. One such project is known as Project Isabela.

 

 

 http://www.hear.org/galapagos/invasives/features/gef.htm

 

 

Solutions

 

There are many organizations that are trying to help protect the natural ecosystems at risk due to non-native species. One organization is the Cooperative Islands Initiative. This group along with many others are trying to stop the spread of invasive species into foriegn ecosystems. There are many things that we can do to help as well. These solutions may seem tedious and time consuming, but when we weigh the consequences of not taking these procautionary measures against the effort put into them, it's evident that the time is well spent. We need to be more aware of our impact on the lands we travel to, and their fragile ecosystems.

 

Citations

 

"About The Coqui!." 2002. Coqui Hawaiian Integration and Reeducation Project. 20 Feb 2008 <http://www.hawaiiancoqui.org/aboutcoqui.htm>.

 

Rehkopf, Mathew. "Zebra Mussels: The New Nuisance of the Great Lakes." Spring 2000. Adrian College. 20 Feb 2008 <http://www.adrian.edu/chemistry/th/Somelinks/Spages/mrehkopf/mrehkopf.php>.

 

"The Unwanted Amphibian." October 4, 2005. 20 Feb 2008 <http://www.fdrproject.org/pages/toads.htm>.

 

"Project Isabela." 19 Feb 2008 <http://www.hear.org/galapagos/invasives/features/gef.htm>.

 

"Solutions." Non-Native Species a Brief Account 19 Feb 2008 <http://library.thinkquest.org/03oct/00946/solutions/solutions.htm>.

 

"ISSG." 19 Feb 2008 <http://www.issg.org>.

 

"Unchecked tourism puts galapagos islands at serious risk." 19 Feb 2008 <http://www.dancewithshadows.com/travel/galapagos-islands-tourism-environment.asp>.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comments (14)

thomas_bizley@... said

at 1:44 pm on Feb 21, 2008

Good job on this wiki. It was one of the shortest ones I've read, but I believe it got the point across. I like the use of specific examples of places on earth that apply to the topic. I also like the solutions part of the page. My favorite parts are the pictures comparing the vegetation on the mountain. The only thing I think that could be improved is the beginning. I think a little more information is needed in this section and, if possible, some statistics. This is just so the whole page isn't full of examples.

dmtejam@... said

at 1:55 pm on Feb 21, 2008

This wiki is very well organized. The colors and the pictures matched well together, and I thought it was a breeze to understand the information. I like the detail to the examples you gave about the non-native species.

mrpiink7689@... said

at 2:05 pm on Feb 21, 2008

Good job on the wiki. Short and right to the point.

smartguy41090@... said

at 2:10 pm on Feb 21, 2008

There were a few things that were hard to find, but the colors and pictures work together well. The information was pretty direct, and easily understandable.

sporty89@... said

at 7:04 pm on Feb 21, 2008

Good job. Teh pictures were good and interesting as well as the info. Some of the solutions made me sad, especially the ones about hte goats in the galapagos. Nice and easily organized.

sportsgal08@... said

at 9:53 pm on Feb 21, 2008

this topic was really interesting. i thought the invasice species project was really neat. and i didnt know goats were that damaging! dang. but i think you guys did a very good job.

mindybindy12@... said

at 11:03 pm on Feb 21, 2008

very nice. i learned a lot from this page that i didn't know before. like how goats are destroying and other species are destroying the galapagos islands.

sweet_action314@... said

at 11:39 pm on Feb 21, 2008

Good work! Yours was one of the easiest wikis to find the information on. Possibly because most of the information was located on the main page. I agree that there could have been more statistics, but other than that very nice job!

avonjake4764@... said

at 5:23 am on Feb 22, 2008

I really liked the organization on your page. It was easy to navigate, and to learn about the many different species. The pictures and links were good too.

lipfizz1430@... said

at 6:04 am on Feb 22, 2008

This page was well organized. I like how it provided the infomation and then presented a picture to illustrate exactly what talked about. My favorite part was about the goat and how it is messing up things such as reduced vegitation, erotion, displacing native animals, and destroying bio diversity.

griffin_cara@... said

at 9:44 am on Feb 22, 2008

Your page was very organized and provided alot of information! Nice job. Also, the pictures and animations were really neat and cool.

ashmoyez11@... said

at 9:51 am on Feb 22, 2008

Very interseting! Great information! Great pictures! I really enjoyed reading and learning about this. There were somethings that were sad to read and hear about, but I guess it is what it is.

xdeadman13@... said

at 9:57 am on Feb 22, 2008

I like the before and after pictures of the Galapagos Islands. The way you showed how the goats are causing erosion, reducing vegetation, and other things is a great way to let people know how to prevent this kind of problem in the future.

zaerhi@... said

at 11:43 am on Feb 25, 2008

Certain things were very hard to find. I may have seperated it into more pages.

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