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Dulles, John Foster

Page history last edited by PBworks 16 years, 2 months ago
 
John Foster Dulles
(www.unc.edu)

 Family Life and Education

 

John Foster Dulles was bron in Washington D.C. on February 25, 1888. Dulels was the son of a Presbyterian minister and the grandson of a former secretary of state. He attended public schools in Watertown, NY and later attended college. Dulles graduated from Princeton University in 1908. He then attended the Sorbonne in Paris in 1908 and 1909 and graduated from George Washington University Law School in 1911. He passes his bar exam and joined teh law firm, Sullivan and Cromwell, in Ney York. After WWI he became the partner of Sullivan and Cromwell and worked primarily on international cases. Dulles married Janet Pomeroy Avery in 1912 and they had three children together; John, Lillias, and Avery Dulles. In 1958 Dulles was diagnosed with terminal cancer and later died in Bethesda, Maryland on May 24, 1959, at age 71 and was burried in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.

 

 

Politics

 

Dulles was introduced to politics at a very young age. His grandfather, John Watson Dulles, and his brother Allen Welsh Dulles, were both Secretary of State under President Benjamin Harrison. His uncle Robert Lansing was a Secretary of State in the cabinet of Woodrow Wilson. Before graduating from Princeton University his grandfather brought him along to the Hauge peace Conference of 1907. He worked at the War Industries Board during WWI and was later involved in the Versailles Peace Congrence. In 1937 Dulles started working in foreigh affairs with thomas Dewey. In 1949 Dewey named Dulles to the U.S. Senate wiht the resignation of Robert Wagner. The following year Dulles took a big part in the signing of the U.S.-Japam security act and treaty, but failed to be re-elected to the senate. After a hard campaign where Dulles attacked the Democratic foreign policy he was named by President Eisenhower to be his Secretary of State.

 

Highlights of Political Career

 

  • American Representative at Berlin Debt Confrences 1933
    Adviser to Secretary of State at Council of Foreign ministers in London 1945
    Trustee of Rockefeller Foundation
    Member of the New York State Banking Board 1946-1949
    U.S. Representative to the Fifth General Assembly of the United Nations 1950
    Secretary of State to Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-1959
    Chairman of Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in 1947-1948 while Hiss, Alger was president

 

 

 

 

 

Dulles International Airport

 

 

President John F. Kennedy dedicated Dulles International Airport to the late John Foster Dulles on November 17, 1962. The airport has since then been renamed the Washington Dulles International Airport in 1984. The new airport is said to sybolize America's stature and progress into the jet age and is a very impressive gateway to the nation's capitol. 

 

 

(www.visitingdc.com)

 

Dulles and Eisenhower

 

When Eisenhower was elected and named Dulels his Secretary of State a promise of a "rollback" of communism was made. This promise turned out to be extremely hard to keep. Both men decided that nothing could be done in East Germany in 1953 or in Hungary in 1956 to support the anti-communist uprisings of the Soviets. Eisenhower and Dulles redefined U.S. military optinos. They created a "New Look" defense policy. Its main point was to combine fiscal solvency and a credible deterrent though heavey reliance on nuclear wepons.

 

 

 

JFD Questions

Works Cited

 

  1.  Dictionary of American Biography; Guhin, Michael A. John Foster Dulles: A Statesman and His Time. New York: Columbia University Press, 1972; Hoopes, Twonsend. The Devil and John Foster Dulles. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1973.
  2. Schrotter, Adriene. "CNN Interactive: Cold War." John Foster Dulles. 27 Mar 2008 http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/kbank/profiles/foster.dulles/
  3. Pruessen, Ronald W. John Foster Dulles: The Road to Power. New York: The Free Press, 1982

 

 

 

Page created by:  (Erin C)

Avon High School, Avon, Indiana

Date created: 4/04/2008

 

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Comments (3)

Anonymous said

at 7:35 am on Apr 7, 2008

The captivating picture of the Washington Dulles Airport made me want to read your page more. Also you could have put a little more links on your page.

Anonymous said

at 7:12 am on Apr 10, 2008

I thought it was interesting that Dulles dad and brother were all involved in politics. Its almost like it ran in the family. There were a few typos, but the picture made up for it :)

Anonymous said

at 6:13 pm on Apr 12, 2008

Dulles and I have the same birthday! Sorry, I just had to comment on that...

(please do not count this as a comment Mrs. Garland... thank you.)

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