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Catt, Carrie Chapman

Page history last edited by PBworks 16 years, 3 months ago
 

 

                                                                    Carrie Chapman Catt

 

 

                                                  

                                                         

 

                                                  http://www.stowevintage.com/images/carrie-chapman-catt-autogra.jpg

 

“The world taught women nothing skillful and then said her work was valueless. It permitted her no opinions and said she did not know how to think. It forbade her to speak in public and said the sex had no orators. It denied her the schools, and said the sex had no genius. It robbed her of every vestige of responsibility, and then called her weak. It taught her that every pleasure must come as a favor from men and when, to gain it, she decked herself in paint and fine feathers, as she had been taught to do, it called her vain.”

 

 

 

Personal Life

 

Born in Wisconsin, Carrie Lane at the age of seven moved to Iowa where she began preparatory schooling. In 1877, she graduated from high school. Her father refused to provide the money for more education so Carrie taught school for a year, earning enough income to enter Iowa State Agricultural College. In 1880 she graduated from Iowa State College – the only woman among 18 graduates.. In 1883 she became one of the first women appointed superintendent of schools.

 

 Impact on American History

 

     Carrie Lane married Leo Chapman, editor and publisher of the Mason City Republican in February 1885. She became his business partner, writing a “Woman’s World” column – but not about food or fashion, rather about women’s political and labor issues, and reminding women that if they wanted the vote, they needed to organize.

     After Leo harshly criticized a local Republican candidate in the paper, he was sued for libel and had to sell the newspaper. In May 1886, he went to San Francisco to find work. However, he caught typhoid fever. Carrie received a telegram about him and left immediately by train, but Leo died before she arrived. She was only 27 years old. Chapman returned to Charles City, Iowa, in 1887 and joined the Iowa Women's Suffrage Association.

     Carrie Chapman married George Catt, a fellow Iowa state alumnus in June of 1890 . George encouraged her suffrage activities. Catt began to work nationally for the National American Suffrage Association. Carrie was asked by Susan B. Anthony to address Congress on the proposed Suffrage Amendment in 1892. Catt assisted in organizing the International Woman's Suffrage Alliance, which began in 1902. Eventually the Alliance incorporated sympathetic associations in thirty two nations.

 

                                                                      

                                                                       http://www.suffragist.com/images/ex6.jpg

 

Lasting Impact

 She became a dynamic speaker, and exhibited a great talent for organization. Under her leadership, the days of isolated efforts and lost causes would end. More than any other woman except Susan B. Anthony, Carrie Chapman Catt was responsible for securing women's right to vote. In 1915, on the heels of a remarkable effort in New York State, Catt became the head of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and put into effect a secret "winning plan".

She led a push for an amendment to the federal constitution and at the same time continued campaigns in the states to increase the pressure and the numbers of suffrage states. A series of state victories followed in 1917 and 1918. They were only the prelude to a tough national ratification battle until Tennessee finally put the Nineteenth Amendment "over the top" in August 1920. Carrie Chapman Catt also did international work for woman suffrage, repeatedly touring Europe and presiding in international suffrage groups.

                                                                                          

                                                                      http://memory.loc.gov/pnp/cph/3a50000/3a51000/3a51800/3a51845v.jpg

 

 

Winning Wilson

In 1915, Catt returned to the United States to resume the leadership of NAWSA, which had become badly divided under the leadership of Anna Howard Shaw. In 1916, at a NAWSA convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Catt unveiled her "Winning Plan" to campaign simultaneously for suffrage on both the state and federal levels, and to compromise for partial suffrage in the states resisting change. Under Catt's dynamic leadership, NAWSA won the backing of the House and Senate, as well as state support for the amendment's ratification. In 1917, New York passed a state woman suffrage referendum, and by 1918, President Woodrow Wilson was finally converted to the cause. On August 26, 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment officially became part of the United States Constitution.

 

                                                             

                                                    http://diglib.princeton.edu:8000/EADRBSC/images/bioghist/MC168.jpg

 

5.  Relation to at least one other person on the list

Carrie Chapman Catt and friend, Jane Addams, collaborated to form the Women's Peace Party, which was in response the start of World War l.

In 1915, Addams and Carrie Chapman Catt, a central figure in the final years of the U.S. suffrage campaign, joined other pacifists in Washington, D.C., to rally support for the abolition of the war. The Women's Peace Party and created a program for mediation between nations. Later that year, at a women's peace conference, what would eventually be called the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) was formed. They rejected the idea that war was inevitable and worked on plans to lay a basis for permanent peace worldwide.

 

 

 

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Sources:

 

http://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/catt-car.htm

 

http://www.east-buc.k12.ia.us/00_01/WH/bsp/bsp.htm

 

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/naw/cattbio.html

 

http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=38

 

http://www.now.org/nnt/spring-2003/peace.html?printable

 

Back to List of Prominent Individuals

 

 

 

 

Page created by:  Amanda C.

Avon High School, Avon, Indiana

Date created: 3-24-08

 

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Comments (7)

Anonymous said

at 7:15 am on Apr 7, 2008

The page was very basic. You needed a few more pictures and maybe some videos to make it more interesting. Not all of the font was the same. For example, the last section you still had the original text from the template they gave us.

Anonymous said

at 7:21 am on Apr 7, 2008

I thought it was interesting how Chapman converted Wilson to her cause of making the Nineteenth Amendment officially part of the United States Constitution. You should organize your page a little bit more and make sure a couple of your pictures are more reliable.

Anonymous said

at 7:30 am on Apr 7, 2008

I really liked this page. The information was good and easy to follow. The only thing I didn't see was the dates of her birth and death.

Anonymous said

at 7:39 am on Apr 7, 2008

The quote that starts off the page is wonderful, a fantastic introduction. The information about how she promoted women's rights and how much she changed womens' roles in society are simply amazing. I found this website extreemly interesting, I had no idea she had such an influence on the 19th amendment. However, I believe the wiki would be even more enhanced if you added a few more links at the beginning just to clarify locations and events.

Anonymous said

at 7:17 pm on Apr 7, 2008

I loved the quote, i thought it set the stage for the rest of the page. It started the page in a very intersting manner. I didn't see your secondary page on here. There also could have been a few more links, such as to the Women's Suffrage Association. I like how the video showed instances from the entire women's suffrage movement. I thought that was good how it focused more on the entire movement. Great video!

Anonymous said

at 6:56 am on Apr 10, 2008

I thought the page was well put together and provided plenty of interesting facts, and starting the page off with a quote was clever. The only qualms I have with this page is that there are several links in the middle of nowhere ( though, I am assuming that it is just the limits of the computer systems) and I found the purple harder to read.

Anonymous said

at 7:06 am on Apr 11, 2008

Good work on your page layout. I must agree that the quote at the beginning was really inspiring. I also liked how you utilized the photos and video. You also included a great deal of information, without overwhelming with facts, which I appreciate. I only wish you had more links, since you only had like four. Other than that, good job!

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